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  • This web-based catalogue presents an entry for each of the approximately 850 species of fossil spore or pollen from the New Zealand region that are recorded in the scientific literature. The database has been compiled primarily as a reference tool for paleontologists engaged in biostratigraphic work in New Zealand pre-Pleistocene strata, and provides a snapshot of the present state of nomenclature for this group of fossils. Taxa are arranged according to a morphological classification, to which there is a key in the introductory text. For each species, a detailed synonymy lists significant nomenclatural changes, all published records from New Zealand strata, some important illustrated records from elsewhere, and records which are regarded as misidentifications. The web pages are comprehensively illustrated with previously published images of New Zealand specimens, where possible reproduced from original photographs. Brief notes on natural phylogenetic relationships are also included. DOI: Cite as: Raine, J. I., Mildenhall, D. C., & Kennedy, E. M. (2011). New Zealand fossil spores and pollen: an illustrated catalogue. 4th edition. GNS Science.

  • The landmark 518-page publication "Cenozoic Mollusca of New Zealand" by Beu & Maxwell (1990, NZGS Paleontological Bulletin 58) is long out of print. This publication by Beu & Raine (2009, GNS Science Miscellaneous Publication 27) contains revised descriptions and names of all species treated in detail in Paleontological Bulletin 58, arranged in a hypertext format. This guide has been constructed from the text of NZGS Paleontological Bulletin 58, with the figures individually scanned and available alongside the relevant text. Minor changes have been made to the text of morphological descriptions and notes about distribution, but the names of taxa and comparison notes have been extensively updated with taxonomic changes that have been published on Mollusca during the intervening 20 years. DOI: Cite as: Beu, A. G., & Raine, I. J. (2009). Revised descriptions of New Zealand Cenozoic Mollusca from Beu and Maxwell (1990). GNS Science.

  • Updated DSDP, ODP and IODP borehole locations, related metadata and links back to host site data repositories. Generated from kml files available at